Opioids are a class of drugs commonly used to reduce pain. Medical professionals can prescribe opioids, but there are also illegal opioids. The increase of opioid prescriptions for pain has increased production and availability of pills such as oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), morphine, and methadone. Because opioids purchased illegally can be expensive, individuals addicted to opioids can turn to heroin, a cheaper alternative. Heroin and opioid pain killers belong to the same class of drug, opiates, so the “high” users experience is the same.
This report shows that the opioid crisis in Milwaukee County continues to worsen. Opioid-related overdose deaths increased from 144 in 2012 to 337 in 2017.
Published data reports:
Local and National Data
Milwaukee Community Opioid Prevention Effort (COPE):
We completed an in-depth analysis of the most current medical examiner and EMS data of opioid-related overdoses in Milwaukee County. We prepared a data report that includes a comprehensive overview of demographics of the epidemic as well as detailed maps outlining EMS response location for suspected opioid-related overdose based on naloxone administration, opioid-related overdose death location, and residence of the deceased.
Healthy Wisconsin: Opioids
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
- Understanding the Epidemic – https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/epidemic/index.html
- Data Overview of an Epidemic – https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/index.html
America’s Addiction to Opioids: Heroin and Prescription Drug Abuse – National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH) – https://www.drugabuse.gov/about-nida/legislative-activities/testimony-to-congress/2018/americas-addiction-to-opioids-heroin-prescription-drug-abuse
Overdose and NARCAN Use Maps from the North Shore – http://www.nshealthdept.org/heroin
*888 Bodies and Counting Report – City of Milwaukee – http://city.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/ccCouncil/Initiatives/HeroinOpiates-Initiative/Docs/888andCountingReport_updated.sz-2.pdf